Indiana Injury Attorney James L. Lowry

Brain Injury

Here are a few important facts you need to know about traumatic brain injury.

Most people are unaware of how debilitating and over whelming a traumatic brain injury can be.  They are also unaware of how common an injury it is and how often diagnosis of a traumatic brain injury is missed.  Traumatic brain injury is classified into two major categories:  Mild and Severe.

Generally a traumatic brain injury can be classified as mild if the victim suffers loss of consciousness, disorientation and confusion less than thirty (30) minutes.  Often MRI’s and CT Scans show up as normal even though the individual has cognitive problems such as headache, difficulty thinking, memory problems, attention deficient, frustration and mood swings.  Even though this type of injury is referred to as mild, the effect on the family and the injured person can be significant.  Mild traumatic brain injuries are often missed in the initial diagnosis but are the most frequent of traumatic brain injuries.  TBI is defined as a result of forceful motion of the head or impact causing a brief change in mental status (loss of memory, disorientation or confusion) or loss of consciousness for less than thirty (30) minutes.  Symptoms occurring after the injury are often referred to post-concussive syndrome.

Here are some important facts to remember about traumatic brain injuries:


  1. You do not need to suffer loss of consciousness to have suffered a brain injury.
  2. There are several symptoms, often referred to as “post-concussive syndrome” that are commonly associated with a mild traumatic brain injury including headaches, blurred vision, fatigue, confusion, dizziness and impulsivity, personality changes, tinnitus (ringing in the ears).
  3. Often nausea and loss of smell are experienced along with sensitivity to light and sounds.
  4. Getting lost of confused and slowness in thinking are common symptoms of such an injury.

Very often there will be no visible injury or evidence of trauma to the head or body because the injury is caused by the internal movement of the brain and the brain cells within the skull.

You may not be aware that you have suffered a mild traumatic brain injury until you attempt to return to work and experience difficulties in meeting the requirements of your job and become aware that you are no longer able to perform the task of your employment due to memory loss or other cognitive dysfunction.

Severe TBI Symptoms:

Traumatic brain injuries cause permanent neurobiological damage that can create lifetime deficiencies of varying degree.  Symptoms of moderate to severe brain injury evidence the following characteristics:

Moderate brain injury is defined as a brain injury resulting in a loss of consciousness from twenty minutes to six hours and a Glasgow Coma Scale of 9 to 12.

Severe brain injury is defined as a brain injury resulting in a loss of consciousness greater than six hours and a Glasgow Coma Scale of 3 to 8.

The impact of the moderate or severe brain injury can include cognitive deficiencies and difficulties with attention, language processing, executive functions and memory.  In addition, speech problems often occur such as not being able to understand a spoken word or difficulty in being understood; slurred speech and problems in reading or writing.  It is not unusual for partial total loss of vision to occur with weakness in eye muscles and double vision and tolerance to light and problems judging distance are not all that infrequent.

One of the common symptoms of TBI is tinnitus or ringing in the ears, decrease or loss of hearing, or an increased sensitivity to sound.

Loss of smell (anosmia) is a frequent symptom of TBI.

Many victims of TBI notice a diminishment of the sense of taste.  In addition, there are often physical changes including chronic pain, loss of stamina, appetite changes, changes in bowl and bladder patterns.

One of the most debilitating symptoms of the TBI occurs in relations with family members in that they often experience emotional changes resulting in irritability, depression, impulsivity, dependant behaviors and aggressiveness.

If you or a family member have suffered a traumatic brain injury, you need an attorney experienced in brain injury litigation.  There is no charge for a consultation and most cases our fee is contingent upon recovering compensation from you.

If you have a case you would like to discuss, please contact us today.